The knitting needle is the improvement of the sewing needle. Its
history starts in the Stone Age, when primitive man made needles
from stone, wood, and the bones of animals and fish.
These first needles were used simply to open holes on the materials
that had to be connected.
The first metal needles were manufactured in China, and were imported
to Europe by the Moors in the Middle Age.
Listed below in chronological order
are the companies who produced needles until the early 19th
century in Europe.
The production was of course made completely by hand at first, and for
the production of one single needle there existed up to 20
Bordesley Abbey (Redditch).
1533 - 1603:
During the reign of Queen Elizabeth I, the German Elias Grouse
taught needle production to the English.
Forge Mill in Redditch.
Theodor Groz in Ebingen, Swabia.
Matthew Towsend received a patent for the Latch Needle.
Ernst Becker in Eibenberg, Saxony.
Durant invented the Double Hook Needle.
Redditch Hosiery Needles Limited.
Theodor Groz+Sons and Ernst Becker become Groz-Beckert.
Join of the companies Anton Haase and Ebersbach+Kuehn, who restarted
production in Leinzell in 1947, with the name Haase+Kuehn.